LinkedSet

Overview

Set implementation in which iteration order is same as insertion order.

The LinkedSet class was created by a call to sano.maps.makeSet(LinkedMap:new()). The set is implemented by storing the elements of the set as the keys in LinkedMap, where all keys simply map to the value 'true'.

Example usage:

> linkedset = function(...) return LinkedSet:make(unpack(arg)) end
> -- above is equivalent to: LinkedSet = sano.makers.linkedset
> s = linkedset(1,2,3,3,4); print(s)
{1, 2, 3, 4}
> print(s == linkedset(4,3,2,1))
true
> print(s == linkedset(1,3,5,7))
false
> print(s:remove(1))
1
> s:addAll(iter.count(10,15)); print(s)
{2, 3, 4, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15}
> s:removeAll(iter.count(2,4)); print(s)
{10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15}
> print(s:size())
6

Summary

makeCreates and returns a new instance of self containing the elements passed in as vararg params.
newReturns a new empty LinkedList.
testUnit test.
unionReturns the union of set1 and set2 as a new set.
containsReturns true if this map contains a mapping (possibly nil) for the given key.
hashReturns the sum of utils.hash(i) for i in set.
differenceReturns the set that would be created by removing from set1 all elements in intersection(set1,set2).
toStringReturns a string representation of set.
addAllCalls collection:add(e) for each e in iter(iterable).
HashMapTable-based implementation of a map with support for user-defined hash functions and nil values.
containsReturns true if this map contains a mapping (possibly nil) for the given key.
containsAllReturns true iff collection:contains(e) for e in iter(iterable).
containsAnyReturns true if for collection:contains(e) for some e in iter(iterable).
differenceReturns the set that would be created by removing from set1 all elements in intersection(set1,set2).
enumDecorates another iteration to return the index of each element returned from the decorated iteration.
getReturns the value stored against key, or nil if no no such value exists.
intersectionComputes and returns the intersection of set1 and set2.
iterReturns an iterator over the key-value pairs in this map in the same order in which they were inserted.
differenceReturns the set that would be created by removing from set1 all elements in intersection(set1,set2).
removeAllEquivalent to calling set:remove(e) for e in iter(elements).
removeElementEquivalent to set:remove(element).
retainOnlyRemoves all elements from set which do not also appear in elements.
sizeReturns the number of key-value pairs in this LinkedMap.
unionReturns the union of set1 and set2 as a new set.
uniqueFilterCreate and return a uniqueness filter based on set.
valIterEquivalent to Map:iter() except that iteration steps return elements in the order val,key instead of key,val.
xorReturns the set of elements which appear in either set1 or set2, but not in both.

Detail

collections.make(self, ...)

Creates and returns a new instance of self containing the elements passed in as vararg params.

If #args is 1, the argument is assumed to be iterable and its elements are added to the Collection.

Example, assuming Collection is a sequence type:

> print( Collection:make(1,2,3,4) )
[1, 2, 3, 4]
> print( Collection:make(iter.count(4) )
[1, 2, 3, 4]
> v = Collection:make(1,2,3,4); print( Collection:make(v) )
[1, 2, 3, 4]

This method is used as the make method for LinkedList, SkipVector, HashSet, SkipSet, QueueVector, and PairingHeap. It assumes that self has new() and addAll() methods.

LinkedMap:new(mapImpl)

Returns a new empty LinkedList.

LinkedSet:test()

Unit test.

sets.union(set1, set2 [, setType])

Returns the union of set1 and set2 as a new set.

The returned set is created by a call to:

(setType or getmetatable(set1)):make(...)

synonyms: __add

LinkedMap:contains(key)

Returns true if this map contains a mapping (possibly nil) for the given key.

sets.hash(set)

Returns the sum of utils.hash(i) for i in set.

This is the hash function used by all set implementations.

sets.difference(set1, set2 [,setType])

Returns the set that would be created by removing from set1 all elements in intersection(set1,set2).

The returned set is created by a call to:

(setType or getmetatable(set1)):new()

synonyms: __sub, minus

sets.toString(set)

Returns a string representation of set.

The order in which elements appear in the representation is the same as the iteration order of elements of the set.

Example:

> print(HashSet:make(1,1,3,2,5,6,4))
{1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6}

collections.addAll(collection, iterable)

Calls collection:add(e) for each e in iter(iterable).

LinkedMap:contains(key)

Returns true if this map contains a mapping (possibly nil) for the given key.

collections.containsAll(collection, elements)

Returns true iff collection:contains(e) for e in iter(iterable).

collections.containsAny(collection, iterable)

Returns true if for collection:contains(e) for some e in iter(iterable).

sets.difference(set1, set2 [,setType])

Returns the set that would be created by removing from set1 all elements in intersection(set1,set2).

The returned set is created by a call to:

(setType or getmetatable(set1)):new()

synonyms: __sub, minus

iter.enum(iterable [, size, stop, step])

Decorates another iteration to return the index of each element returned from the decorated iteration.

If iterable is an object with a size() method, or if size is explicitly specified, the iteration will halt after iterable:size() steps. Otherwise, the iteration halts as soon as iter(iterable) halts (this may be undesireable if the iteration is expected to contain nil values)

If 2 args are given the indices will range from 1 to arg[2]. If 3 args are given the second and third arguments are interpreted as a counting range for the enumeration; If a 4th argument is specified, args 2 and 3 specify the counting range, and arg 4 specifies the step increment.

Examples:

> for ind,v in vector("abcd"):enum() do print(ind,v) end
1       a
2       b
3       c
4       d
> vec = vector("abc"); vec:add(nil)
> for ind,v in vec:enum() do print(ind, v) end
1       a
2       b
3       c
4       nil

LinkedMap:get(key)

Returns the value stored against key, or nil if no no such value exists.

If the value of nil is explicitly stored against key, then get(key) will return nil and contains(key) will return true.

synonym: __call So, m:get("h") == m("h")

sets.intersection(set1, set2 [, setType])

Computes and returns the intersection of set1 and set2.

The returned set is created by a call to:

(setType or getmetatable(set1)):new()

LinkedMap:iter()

Returns an iterator over the key-value pairs in this map in the same order in which they were inserted.

Each step in the iteration returns two values.

sets.difference(set1, set2 [,setType])

Returns the set that would be created by removing from set1 all elements in intersection(set1,set2).

The returned set is created by a call to:

(setType or getmetatable(set1)):new()

synonyms: __sub, minus

sets.removeAll(set, elements)

Equivalent to calling set:remove(e) for e in iter(elements).

sets.removeElement(set, element)

Equivalent to set:remove(element).

In a sequence, the remove() method takes as input an index while the removeElement method takes as input the element to be removed. This method has the same semantics across both set and sequence implementations.

sets.retainOnly(set, elements)

Removes all elements from set which do not also appear in elements.

If elements is also a set, s, set is modified to be the intersection of set and s.

LinkedMap:size()

Returns the number of key-value pairs in this LinkedMap.

key-value pairs with a nil value are included in the count.

sets.union(set1, set2 [, setType])

Returns the union of set1 and set2 as a new set.

The returned set is created by a call to:

(setType or getmetatable(set1)):make(...)

synonyms: __add

sets.uniqueFilter(set)

Create and return a uniqueness filter based on set.

The filter is a function which returns true only for objects it has not yet seen. This can be used in conjuction with iter.filter. For example:

> v = vector(1,1,1,2,3,3,4,1,5,5)
> print(vector(iter.filter(v, HashSet:uniqueFilter())))
[1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

Map:valIter()

Equivalent to Map:iter() except that iteration steps return elements in the order val,key instead of key,val.

sets.xor(set1, set2 [,setType])

Returns the set of elements which appear in either set1 or set2, but not in both.

This operation is also often called the symmetric set difference.